Europe has set itself the goal of becoming the most competitive economy in the world by the year 2010. Manufacturing is one of its strongest economic sectors. It provides a total of 27 million jobs and creates more than €1,300B in added value each year. In order to develop strategies for maintaining and improving the competitive strength of manufacturing industries in Europe, both industry and politics need convincing visions of the future of manufacturing in Europe. This is the background for the ManVis or ‘Manufacturing Visions’ project. The goal was to develop innovative and creative visions of European manufacturing for the coming decades.