The National Foresight Programme “Poland 2020” is the first national foresight exercise being carried out in Poland. It is being con-ducted in three research areas: sustainable development of Poland, information and telecommunication technologies, and security. Its main aim is to set up paths of scientific research and development capable of accelerating long-term social and economic growth. An-other equally important goal is to trigger public debate on visions of Poland’s future. The realization of the programme has been pre-ceded by a pilot foresight project in the area of “Health and Life” research.