Abbas, A./ Zhang, L./ Khan, S. U. (2013):  A literature review on the state-of-the-art in patent analysis. North Dakota State University, Elsevier Ltd., World Patent Information 37, p. 3-13.

Amanatidou, E. et al. (2011): On Concepts and Methods in Horizon Scanning: Lessons from Initiating Policy Dialogues on Emerging Issues. Submitted paper for the FTA 2011 conference, Seville.

Ansoff, H.I. (1975). Managing Strategic Surprise by Response to Weak Signals, Califonia Management Review XVIII(2), 21–33.

Blind, K./ Cuhls, K./ Grupp, H. (2001): Personal attitudes in the assessment of the future of science and technology: A factor analysis approach, in: Technological Forecasting & Social Change 68 , pp. 131-149.

Botterhuis, L./ van der Duin, P./ de Ruijter, P./ van Wijck, P. (2010). Monitoring the Future. Building an Early Warning System for the Dutch Ministry of Justice, Futures 42, 454–465.

Chapman, Alan (2009):SWOT Analysis Template. Businessballs, online in: Internet. URL: Last visit:14.03.2014.

Cuhls, K. (2005): Delphi surveys, Teaching material for UNIDO Foresight Seminars.

Cuhls, K. (2000): Opening up Foresight Processes, in: Économies et Sociétés, Série Dynamique technologique et organisation, no. 5, pp. 21-40.

Cuhls, K. (1998): Technikvorausschau in Japan, Heidelberg: Physica (Technik, Wirtschaft und Politik 29).

Cuhls, K./ Blind, K./ Grupp, H. (2002): Innovations for our Future. Delphi ’98: New Foresight on Science and Technology. Technology, Innovation and Policy, Series of the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI no. 13. Physica Heidelberg, pp.15ff.

Cuhls, K./ Blind, K/ Grupp, H. (eds., 1998): Delphi ’98 Umfrage. Zukunft nachgefragt. Studie zur globalen Entwicklung von Wissenschaft und Technik, Karlsruhe.

Cuhls, K./ Breiner, S./ Grupp, H. (1995): Delphi-Bericht 1995 zur Entwicklung von Wissenschaft und Technik – Mini-Delphi -, Karlsruhe 1995 (later print as BMBF brochure, Bonn 1996).

Cuhls, K./ Kuwahara, T. (1994): Outlook for Japanese and German Future Technology. Comparing Technology Forecast Surveys, Heidelberg : Physica (Technology, Innovation, and Policy 1).

Da Costa, O./ Boden, M./ Friedewald, M. (2005): Science and Technology Roadmapping for Policy Intelligence: Lessons for Future Projects. Second Prague Workshop On Futures Studies Methodology, October.

Da Costa, O./ Boden, M./ Punie, Y./ Zappacosta, M. (2003): Science and Technology Roadmapping: from Industry to Public Policy. IPTS Report 73, April 2003.

Daim, T. U./ Rueda, G./ Martin, H./ Gerdsri, P. (2006): Forecasting emerging technologies: Use of bibliometrics and patent analysis. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 73, p. 981–1012.

Dalkey, N. C. (1969): Analyses From a Group Opinion Study, in: Futures, vol. 2 no. 12, p. 541-551.

Dalkey, N. C. (1968): Predicting the Future, Santa Monica.

Dalkey, N. C. (1969): The Delphi Method: An Experimental Study of Group Opinion, prepared for United States Air Force Project Rand, Santa Monica.

Dalkey, N. C./ Brown, B./ Cochran, S. (1969): The Delphi Method, III: Use Of Self Ratings To Improve Group Estimates, Santa Monica.

Dalkey, N. C./ Helmer, O. (1963): An Experimental Application Of The Delphi-Method To The Use Of Experts, Journal of the Institute of Management Sciences, in: Management Science, 9. Jg. 1963, S. 458-467.

Dator, J. A. (2002): Advancing futures. Futures Studies in higher Education. Westport/ Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.

DEFRA (2002): Horizon Scanning & Futues Home. Online in: Internet. URL: Last visit 15.7.2011.

Department for international development (DFID) (2013): Tools for Development: A handbook for those engaged in development activity. Performance and Effectiveness Department. Version 15.1. Online in: Internet. URL: (15.09.2017).

Eto, H. (2003): The suitability of technology forecasting/ foresight methods for decision systems and strategy. A Japanese view, in: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, no. 70 (2003) pp. 231-249.

Fahey, Liam/ Randall, Robert M. (1997): Learning from the Future: Competitive Foresight scenarios. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England.

Galvin, R. (1998): Science Roadmaps. Science, Vol. 280, p. 803, May 8 1998.

Georghiou, L. (2007): Future of Foresighting for Economic Development. UNIDO, Vienna. Online in: Internet. URL: Last visit: 15.7.2011.

Gill Ringland (2006): Scenario Planning: Managing for the Future. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England.

Gordon, T. J./ Helmer, O. (1964): Report on a Long-Range Forecasting Study, Rand Corporation, Santa Monica/ California.

Gordon, W. J. J. (1961): Synectics: The development of creative capacity. New York: Harper&Row.

Inayatullah, S. (1998): Casual Layered Analysis: Poststructuralism as method. Futures, 30 (8), p. 815–829.

Jackson, M. (2013): Practical Foresight Guide Chapter 3: Methods. Online in: Internet. URL: (15.09.2017).

Jansen, L. (2003): The challenge of sustainable development. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 231-245.

Häder, M./ Häder, S. (1995): Delphi und Kognitionspsychologie: Ein Zugang zur theoretischen Fundierung der Delphi-Methode, in: ZUMA-Nachrichten, vol. 37, 19. November 1995, p. 12.

Kaplan, A./ Skogstad, A. L./ Girshick, M. A. (1950): The Prediction of Social and Technological Events, in: The Public Opinion Quarterly, XIV, pp. 93-110.

Kees van der Heijden (2005): Scenarios:The art of strategic conversation. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England.

Könnölä, T. (2007):Innovation Roadmap: Exploring Alternative Futures of Industrial Renewal.Contributed paper conference on Corporate R&D (CONCORD), Sevilla.

Könnölä, T. et al. (2011): Facing the Future: Scanning, Synthesizing and Sense-Making in Horizon Scanning. Submitted paper for the FTA 2011 conference, Seville.

Kostoff, R.N./ Schaller, R.R. (2001):Science and Technology Roadmaps. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 48:2. 132-143. May 2001.

Krüger, U. M. (1975): Die Antizipation und Verbreitung von Innovationen. Entwicklung und Anwendung eines kommunikations-strategischen Konzeptes unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Delphi-Technik, Köln.

Linstone, H.A. (1999): Decision Making for Technology Executives. Using Multiple Perspectives to Improve Performance. Artech House: Boston / London.

Linstone, H. A. (1998): Multiple Perspectives Revisited, IAMOT Conference, Orlando.

Linstone, H. A./ Mitroff, I. I. (1994): The Challenge of the 21st Century: Managing Technology and Ourselves in a Shrinking World, Albany : State University of New York Press.

Linstone, H. A./ Turoff, M. (eds., 1975): The Delphi Method – Techniques and Applications, Reading: Addison-Wesley.

Loveridge, D. (2009): Foresight: The Art and Science of Anticipating the Future. Routledge, London.

Martin, J./ Bell, R./ Farmer, E./ Henry, J. (2010): Technique Library, Milton Keynes, UK: Open University. Online in: Internet. URL: (24.08.2017).

Millennium Project, The (n.a.): Global FUture STudies and Research. Online in: Internet. URL: Last visit: 13.04.2014.

Mooney, Dick (2001): Leadership Skills. SWOT Analysis – A Structured Way To Plan. Communicator, Volume 2 No. 4. Online in: Iternet. URL: Last visit: 1403.2014.

National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP, 1997): The Sixth Technoloy Forecast Survey – Future Technology in Japan – (NISTEP Report, English Translation), Tokyo.

Nedeva, M./ Georghiou, L./ Loveridge, D./ Cameron, H. (1996): The use of co-nomination to identify expert participants for Technology Foresight, R&D Management, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 155-168.

Pill, J. (1971): The Delphi Method: Substance, Context, A Critique and an Annotated Bibliography, in: Socio-Economic Planning Science, vol. 5 (1971) p. 64.

Punie, Y./ Maghiros I./ Delaitre S. (2006): Dark scenarios as a constructive tool for Future-oriented Technology Analysis. FTA Seminar.

RAHS (2004): Risk Assessment and Horizon Scanning programme of Singapore. Online in: Internet. URL: Last visit 15.7.2011.

Ratcliffe, J./ Krawczyk, E. (2011): Imagineering city futures: The use of prospective through scenarios in urban planning. Elsevier Ltd, Futures 43, p. 642–653.

Robinson, J. (1982): Energy backcasting: a proposed method of policy analysis. Energy Policy 10 4, pp. 337–344.

Robinson, J. (2003): Backcasting as social learning. Futures, Volume 35, Issue 8, Pages 839-856.

Schultz, W.L. (2006): The Cultural Contradictions of Managing Change: Using Horizon Scanning in an Evidence-based Policy Context, Foresight 8(4), 3–12.

Schwartz, Peter (1996): The Art of the Long View: Planning for the Future in an Uncertain World. Bantam Doubleday Bell, New York.

Shaping tomorrow (2017): Casual Layered Analysis. Online in: Internet. URL: (24.08.2017).

Tankersley, Joseph (2006): Ten Tips for Creating More Powerful Future Stories. FUTURETAKES,the electronic newsletter of the World Future Society’s U.S. National Capital Region chapter.

VanGundy, A. B. (1984): Brain writing for new product ideas: An alternative to brainstorming. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 1 (2), p. 67-74. Online in: Internet. URL: (24.08.2017).

Weaver, P. et al (2000): Sustainable Technology Development, Greenleaf publishing, Sheffield.

Wechsler, W. (1978): Delphi-Methode, Gestaltung und Potential für betriebliche Prognoseprozesse, Schriftenreihe Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Forschung und Entwicklung, München.

Wheelen, Thomas L. / Hunger, J. David/ Wesley, Addison (1998): Strategic Management and Business Policy-Entering the 21st century. Global Society.

WiPro (2017): Patentanalyse. Online in: Internet. URL: (24.08.2017).

Woudenberg, F. (1991): An Evaluation of Delphi , in: Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 40, pp. 131 – 150.